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A Landlord’s Guide To Alabama Tenant Screening [2023]

The journey to renting your property all starts with the crucial step of tenant screening. Doing it correctly can ensure the safety of your property, steady revenue, and a peaceful property management experience. MacData, a seasoned player in background screening services, is here to guide you through your tenant screening process in Alabama.

In this guide, we will detail the tenant screening process, specific laws with regard to Alabama, and vital factors you should consider while analyzing prospective tenants. Our aim is to equip you with the knowledge and resources you need to make smart and informed decisions to help you manage a responsible, secure, and profitable rental community in Alabama.

From credit check procedures to tenant background and substance abuse screenings, this guide will walk you through all the necessary steps that will lead to finding the ideal tenant in Alabama.

Understanding Alabama Tenant Screening Laws

Tenant screening in Alabama is governed by strict laws to protect both landlords and tenants. Landlords need to stay informed about these laws, or they risk legal complications.

The Federal Fair Housing Act prohibits discrimination, but there are relevant local rules too. For one example, you can’t charge an application fee higher than $50 according to Alabama law.

Besides anti-discrimination regulations, privacy is another significant concern. Properly handling a tenant’s confidential details during background screening is an absolute must. Knowing your responsibilities under these laws is just half the battle; practicing them with each potential tenant makes sure you’re always on solid ground.

The Importance of a Comprehensive Rental Application

A robust rental application is the cornerstone of successful tenant screening. It’s an ideal tool to help you to find those who will respect your property and meet their obligations.

First, make sure to gather detailed personal information about prospective renters. Ask for full names, contact details, and Social Security numbers.

In addition to this basic data, you can delve deeper into an applicant’s background by asking questions that reveal more about their reliability as a tenant. This could include things like past evictions or criminal records.

Rental history can be used to gauge whether they have been responsible tenants in the past. A higher credit score usually indicates financial responsibility and can be used as a predictor for timely rent payments. Obtaining pay stubs or tax returns to verify income can prove they’re able to afford rent without struggling financially each month.

Conducting Credit and Background Checks

Credit and background checks are critical steps in tenant screening. Make sure you’re strictly adhering to privacy law throughout this process. The first step is obtaining written consent from your applicant to run these checks.

Background checks offer insights into a prospective tenant’s financial behavior, including things like unpaid bills or bankruptcy filings. They can also reveal criminal history but keep in mind that Alabama has specific rules about what convictions can be considered during the rental decision process.

Finding trustworthy tenants starts with responsible screenings; don’t skip this essential step.

Verifying Tenant Income and Employment

When screening tenants in Alabama, it is crucial to verify their income and employment. This step is important to ensure that the potential tenant can afford the rent, but how you go about it is important.

First, ask the potential tenant to provide pay stubs or bank statements as proof of income. These records will offer a comprehensive view of the applicant’s economic security.

If the potential tenant is self-employed or works freelance, tax returns can be more helpful in determining their average earnings over time. Don’t forget that Alabama law respects privacy, so only request the necessary documents for your decision-making process.

It is also valuable to contact the potential tenant’s employers directly to gain insights into their job security and reliability. However, make sure you have written permission from the applicants before making these calls. This is not only polite but also legally required.

Checking References and Previous Landlords

The final step in the screening process involves checking references and contacting previous landlords to get a clearer picture of the applicant’s reliability as a tenant.

Past behavior can predict future actions. If an applicant was respectful, paid rent on time, and left their previous rental in good condition, there’s a good chance they’ll do so again.

You can best assess a tenant’s past behavior by first asking for contact information of at least two former landlords during the application stage. Then reach out with specific questions related to payment history, property upkeep or any lease violations.

This may seem like extra work, but it’s better safe than sorry. It might take more effort now but can save you from potential issues down the line. 

Denying Tenancy and Communicating Rejection

Realistically, not all individuals will be suitable for occupancy. In these cases it’s important to communicate this without causing hard feelings or violating any laws or regulations. It starts with being transparent, respectful, and professional.

Providing the potential renter with a rejection in writing is mandatory. This letter should clearly state why they were denied tenancy but avoid getting personal. Stick to facts related to their rental application such as poor credit history or lack of income stability.

The Fair Housing Act forbids discrimination based on characteristics such as race, color, national origin, religion, sex, familial status (including minors living with parents), and disability; it is essential to ensure that none of these factors influenced the decision in order to protect against potential lawsuits and preserve a positive image among future applicants.


Rental tenant screening plays an essential role in the property management process in Alabama, ensuring landlords and property managers are choosing reliable and responsible tenants. The information acquired through reliable sources such as MacData can facilitate this process.

With the right tools and resources, tenant background screening becomes a less complicated and time-consuming task. So, take the necessary steps today to safeguard your investment and maintain a successful landlord-tenant relationship.